Be a Tax Preparer

Becoming a tax preparer, either as a supplement to your current income or as a full-time job, can offer rewarding and well-paying work. For example, the average tax preparer made about $44,000 in 2014.[1] In addition, tax preparers deal with a large cross-section of the public and, in many cases, are able to deliver good news of a large return or money found in previous years' returns to their clients. You'll also enjoy quite a bit of job security; people have to file taxes every year regardless of the state of the economy.[1] While it may seem like being a tax preparer would require a lot of education and training, almost anyone can become qualified in a number of months. Read on to find out how.


Meeting the Educational Requirements

  1. Meet the minimum requirements. In general, tax preparers are required to have a high-school diploma or equivalent. That is, you don't need a bachelor's or associate degree to get started or to thrive in the tax preparation industry. However, any aspiring tax preparer should be aware that the job will require some basic skills. You can prepare for the job in high school by cultivating:
    • Strong math skills.
    • Basic computer skills and typing ability.
    • Customer service skill and experience.
    • A very basic understanding of tax regulations (necessary forms and time constraints).[1]
  2. Consider training options. Because many tax preparers don't have any formal training in tax preparation, they must undergo a small amount of training before they can begin working. In these training courses, students learn about topics like filing status, taxpayer interviews, exemptions, tax calculations, and refund schedules.[2] These courses are offered by a number of sources, so it's best to consider several options before choosing the best one for your situation.
    • Some tax preparation companies offer on-the-job training, so try applying for a job directly and see if they offer this type of training. This could save you a considerable amount of time and money. Find jobs by searching online job boards before the beginning of tax season (in January).[2]
    • Sign up for a training program offered by the Accreditation Council for Accountancy and Taxation (ACAT) or National Association of Tax Professionals. See their websites for more information.
    • Many technical and community colleges, as well as universities, offer short certificate programs that can qualify you for entry-level positions. Search for programs in your area to learn more. Some of these may also be available online.[2]
  3. Complete tax training. However you decide to get the training in, you'll have to complete it before becoming a tax professional. If you can, try to take advanced courses that include information on topics like estate taxes, capital gains, and retirement funds. This knowledge can separate you from the crowd.[2]
    • Be sure to keep any notes or information you have from your classes, as you may need them later if you choose to pursue higher-level certifications or education.
    • Also be sure that any tax preparation skills learned are tailored to the state in which you will be practicing, as filing requirements vary between states.[3]
  4. Think about higher education. While a simple tax preparation course can prepare you for the majority of tax preparation roles, you may also want to reach higher by becoming a licensed tax accountant, or even a CPA or Tax Attorney. Obviously, these will require much more education, and expense to you, but the opportunities for advancement and salary growth are much better. Without additional education (or owning your own tax preparation business), there is little room for advancement in the tax preparation industry.

Getting Certified

  1. Obtain a Preparer Tax Identification Number (PTIN). Before a tax preparer can begin work, they must also meet state and federal requirements. First, apply for a PTIN by submitting personal information (including your social security number), a previous year's tax return, and a $50 fee to the IRS. This can be done online at[4] Getting a PTIN will register you as an "unenrolled preparer," granting you the minimum level of clearance to prepare federal taxes.[3]
    • Note that this application will require to disclose and explain any felony convictions or problems with your tax obligations.[3]
  2. Register with your state. To become fully licensed, you will likely also have to register with your state. However, these requirements vary between states. Check your state's requirements by searching for "tax preparer registration ____ (your state)" online. In some cases, however, registration with the state is waived or not required under state law.[3]
    • For example, CPAs, tax attorneys, and enrolled agents (IRS-tested tax professionals) are exempt from state registration in most cases.[3]
  3. Consider becoming an enrolled agent. An enrolled agent is a tax preparer who has demonstrated competence in tax preparation. Tax preparers can become enrolled agents either by working for the IRS for a specified period of time or by passing the Special Enrollment Examination (SEE) and applying online for enrolled agent status. After passing the test or achieving the required work experience, you can apply for enrolled agent status by filling out IRS form 23 and undergoing a background check.[5]
  4. Consider taking the IRS's tax preparer exam. In 2014, the IRS introduced the Annual Filing Season Program. This program offers continuing education courses and a qualification exam to tax preparers each year and grants them "Registered Tax Return Preparer" status. You can begin the qualifying process for this program by registering for classes at an approved continuing education provider in your area. The list of providers can be found here.
    • This program, while currently voluntary, can give you the credibility you need to succeed, especially if you plan to start your own tax preparation business.[6]

Finding Work

  1. Work for a tax preparation service. Many tax preparers begin their careers working for an established tax preparation service. These companies will train you in local and state requirements for tax filings and are able to help you through any difficulties you may have in the beginning. After gaining this experience, you are more prepared to move on to another job, start your own business, or further your education.[1]
    • The biggest advantage of doing this type of work is that many tax preparers offer both free on-the-job training and free continuing education.[1]
    • While this type of work is a great first start for a tax preparer, you may only be able to find work during tax season, which leaves you out of a job for about two-thirds of the year. This is great for part-timers, but if you want to be a tax preparer full time, you may want to seek other types of employment.
  2. Work for a law or accounting firm. In addition to specialized tax preparation companies, there may also be work available at law or accounting firms that offer tax services.[3] In these roles, you would likely be supporting a CPA or tax attorney in the preparation of tax returns for clients. In other words, you would be doing more than simply inputting your client's information, perhaps also dealing with certain tax accounting procedures or the intricacies of tax law.
    • Finding this work can be easier if you are able to differentiate yourself from other tax preparers by specializing in a certain type of tax filing or business.[7] For example, perhaps you could specialize in filing a complex sort of taxes, like those on international assets.
    • These opportunities may also be available at various other types of businesses, so be sure to search online job board and classified newspaper ads frequently for new opportunities.
  3. Start your own business. With enough accreditation or experience, you can start your own tax preparation business as an independent tax preparer. Start by advertising your services to the community and begin growing your customer base. With friendly and reliable service, you may soon find your business thriving and growing.[3] With time, you may even be able to open another franchise and hire other tax preparers to do the work for you!
    • It may be a good idea to start with family and friends before moving on to other customers. This can help you get a low-stress start while you fine-tune your tax preparation process. From there, you can pass out business cards and rely on recommendations for more business.
    • This will be your best choice if you want to work part-time as a tax preparer. It's easy to run a tax preparation business out of your home and undercut the prices of some of the bigger-name tax preparation services.[8]
    • If you want additional work throughout the year, consider also offering services as a tax adviser or personal accountant to your tax preparation clients.[8]



  • Tax preparers can also demonstrate their expertise by obtaining certification from the Accreditation Council for Accountancy and Taxation (ACAT). This requires three years of tax preparation experience and passing an examination.[2]


  • Unless you seek further education (as an enrolled agent or tax accountant), you may only be able to find work during the January-April tax season.
  • Tax preparers often don't receive benefits due to the seasonal nature of their work.
  • The job can be stressful, as any mistake made could cost the client a lot of money. Also, client stress can be contagious.

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