What is Acropolis?
Acropolis is a Greek word meaning 'high city'. The Acropolis, a fortified citadel built atop a massive limestone hill, dominates the city of Athens, Greece. The Acropolis contains some of the world's most famous structures built in the classical architectural style. These buildings include the Parthenon Doric temple built for Athena (goddess of wisdom), the Acropolis at Athens, the Propylaea, and the Erechtheum. They were constructed during the Golden Age of Athens (5th century BC) under the rule of the famous Athenian statesman Pericles. The Athenian Acropolis rises from the plain of Attica to 500 feet above sea level. In times of attack, the Acropolis became the last fort of defense. The Acropolis hill, called the "Sacred Rock" of Athens, is the most important site of the city. During Pericles' Golden Age, ancient Greek civilization was represented in an ideal way on the hill and some of the architectural masterpieces of the period were erected on its ground.